Vaccines For Dummy: A Step By Step Guide On How The Coronavirus Vaccine Works

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coronavirus vaccine
Source: DAWN/Twitter

Today’s a great day for Science, guys! A PhD candidate, Rob Swanda from Cornell University prepared a break down video of how the coronavirus vaccine is made and how will it work on human bodies, and oh it’s a total relief for us non-science peeps!

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Rob Swanda, who goes by the name of Scientist Swanda on Twitter, made a video, guiding the masses of how the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna coronavirus vaccines have been made and how they will affect our immune systems.

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This is such an enlightening video. Everyone must watch it to learn about the coronavirus vaccines, so that they can make more informed choices in the future.

Just to caution you guys, this video has some super technical terms which are a little hard to digest, but we have some good news, he even explained those terms for us in his Twitter thread.

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Swanda starts by telling how human genetic information is carried through DNA and RNA. Telling that the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines for coronavirus focus on mRNA, or messenger RNA. According to Swanda, SARS-CoV-2 (coronavirus) has 29 proteins, but its one single protein on the outer membrane called the “spike protein,” is the one that enables the infection of a healthy cell.

coronavirus vaccines work
Screengrab from the original video

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“What these companies did is they looked at the entire genetic makeup of SARS-CoV-2 and found the single mRNA that encodes for the instructions to make the spike protein,” says the PhD scholar. “They’ve isolated out this mRNA that can now be injected into us in the form of a vaccine to make one of these 29 proteins, thus not giving us an actual corona virus.”

coronavirus vaccines work

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After being injected with the vaccine, our body will register the mRNA and the macrophages in our body will fight it, because its an antigen. Once the actual coronavirus attacks us, our immune system will be alerted of the ‘spike protein,’ because we’ve already had it in our bodies, and now our system knows that this something it has to fight.

coronavirus vaccines work

The terms explained

That’s it for today, folks, hope you enjoyed the Science lecture!

Via twitter

Let us know what you feel about this overview of how the coronavirus vaccine work in the comments down below.